Vision: Vitamin A maintains good vision, aids in low-light and night vision, and prevents eye conditions.
Growth and Development: Vitamin A is necessary for bone growth, immune system development, and healthy skin and tissues, especially during puppyhood.
Skin and Coat Health: Vitamin A promotes healthy skin, a shiny coat, and regulates oil production. A deficiency can lead to dry skin and a dull coat.
Immune System Support: Vitamin A supports the immune system by maintaining mucous membranes that defend against pathogens, leading to a robust immune response and protection against infections.
Reproduction and Fertility: Vitamin A is essential for proper development and maintenance of reproductive organs, supporting healthy fertility and pregnancy.
Bone Health: Vitamin D3, along with calcium, promotes strong and healthy bones, preventing conditions like rickets or osteomalacia.
Muscle Function: Vitamin D3 contributes to proper muscle function, including skeletal and heart muscles, enhancing performance and strength.
Immune System Support: Vitamin D3 supports the immune system, regulating immune responses and defending against infections.
Overall Health: Vitamin D3 is vital for cardiovascular health, nerve function, and maintaining a healthy skin and coat.
Antioxidant Protection: Vitamin E neutralizes harmful free radicals, supporting cellular health and protecting against damage from toxins and aging.
Skin and Coat Health: Vitamin E maintains healthy skin, balances moisture, repairs damage, improves texture, and reduces dryness, flakiness, and itchiness.
Immune System Support: Vitamin E promotes optimal immune function, strengthens immune response, and helps fight infections and diseases.
Muscle and Cell Health: Vitamin E protects and maintains muscle cells, supports muscle function, aids in post-exercise recovery, and protects cell membranes.
Reproductive Health: Vitamin E supports fertility, maintains reproductive organ health, and benefits breeding dogs and pregnancy.
Neurological Health: Vitamin E protects nerve cells, supports the nervous system, and may improve cognitive function and brain health.
Energy production: Vitamin B1 helps convert carbohydrates into usable energy for various bodily processes.
Nervous system function: Vitamin B1 supports normal nerve function and coordination by aiding in neurotransmitter synthesis.
Appetite and digestion: Vitamin B1 promotes a healthy appetite and aids in the breakdown and digestion of food.
Muscle health: Vitamin B1 is essential for proper muscle function and supports muscle strength and coordination.
Stress and recovery: Vitamin B1 aids in the body’s response to stress and helps with recovery from physical exertion.
Antioxidant protection: Vitamin C neutralizes free radicals, protecting cells from oxidative stress and supporting cellular health.
Immune system support: Vitamin C stimulates the production of white blood cells and antibodies, strengthening the immune response.
Collagen production: Vitamin C is essential for collagen synthesis, promoting healthy skin, wound healing, and proper joint function.
Iron absorption: Vitamin C enhances iron absorption from plant-based sources, preventing iron deficiency anemia.
Stress and adrenal support: Vitamin C supports the adrenal glands, helping manage stress responses and overall well-being.
Urinary tract health: Vitamin C may promote urinary tract health by acidifying urine and reducing the risk of infections.
Energy production: Vitamin B2 helps convert carbohydrates, fats, and proteins into usable energy for various bodily processes.
Growth and development: Vitamin B2 supports healthy growth and development, particularly during puppyhood.
Eye health: Vitamin B2 helps maintain healthy eyes and protects against oxidative damage.
Skin and coat health: Vitamin B2 contributes to healthy skin and a shiny coat.
Red blood cell production: Vitamin B2 is necessary for the production of red blood cells, preventing anemia.
Nervous system function: Vitamin B2 supports proper nervous system function and coordination.
Skin and coat health: Biotin maintains healthy skin and a shiny coat.
Nail health: Biotin contributes to strong and healthy nails.
Energy metabolism: Biotin helps convert nutrients into usable energy.
Digestive health: Biotin aids in proper digestive function and nutrient utilisation.
Pregnancy and lactation support: Biotin supports healthy reproduction and development in puppies.
Growth and development: Biotin is essential for proper cell growth and division in young dogs.
Cell growth and reproduction: Folic acid is crucial for proper cell development and DNA synthesis.
Red blood cell formation: Folic acid supports the production of healthy red blood cells and prevents anaemia.
Fertility and reproduction: Folic acid promotes reproductive health and supports healthy foetal development.
Nervous system function: Folic acid helps maintain proper nervous system function.
Immune system support: Folic acid enhances the immune system’s ability to defend against infections.
Energy metabolism: Niacinamide supports optimal energy production.
Skin and coat health: Niacinamide maintains healthy skin, reduces dryness, and improves coat appearance.
Nervous system function: Niacinamide contributes to normal nerve function and coordination.
Digestive health: Niacinamide aids in maintaining a healthy digestive system.
Cardiovascular health: Niacinamide promotes proper blood circulation and can improve blood lipid levels.
Joint health: Niacinamide has anti-inflammatory properties and may help reduce joint inflammation and discomfort.
Energy metabolism: It supports optimal energy production in dogs.
Coat and skin health: It maintains a healthy coat and skin, alleviating dryness and skin-related issues.
Nervous system function: It contributes to normal nerve function and coordination.
Hormone production: It supports the synthesis of adrenal hormones, maintaining hormonal balance.
Digestive health: It aids in maintaining a healthy digestive system.
Wound healing: It promotes wound healing and tissue repair.
Energy production: It converts nutrients into energy for vitality and physical activity.
Healthy growth: It supports proper growth and development of tissues.
Skin and coat health: It maintains healthy skin, a shiny coat, and moisturization.
Eye health: It protects the eyes from oxidative damage and reduces the risk of eye disorders.
Nervous system function: It helps maintain a healthy nervous system and neurotransmitter production.
Antioxidant activity: It neutralizes harmful free radicals and promotes cellular health.
Red blood cell production: It supports the production of oxygen-carrying red blood cells and prevents anemia.
Healthy thyroid function: It maintains a healthy thyroid gland for proper hormone synthesis and release.
Metabolism regulation: It helps regulate metabolism and convert food into energy.
Growth and development: It supports proper bone, brain, and organ development in puppies.
Reproductive health: It contributes to the synthesis of reproductive hormones and supports the reproductive system.
Immune function: It supports a healthy immune system by aiding in the production and activity of immune cells.
Antioxidant activity: It acts as an antioxidant, protecting cells from oxidative damage.
Immune system support: It helps regulate immune responses and supports immune cell production and activity.
Thyroid function: It contributes to the synthesis and metabolism of thyroid hormones for proper metabolism and growth.
Reproductive health: It supports the proper functioning of the reproductive system and fertility in dogs.
Muscle function: It helps maintain proper muscle metabolism and prevents muscle damage.
Joint health: It supports the production of cartilage and connective tissues for healthy joints.
Iron metabolism: It helps in the proper metabolism of iron for red blood cell production and oxygen transport.
Connective tissue and bone health: It supports the formation and maintenance of connective tissues and healthy bones.
Pigmentation of hair and skin: It is involved in the production of melanin for proper coat colour.
Nervous system function: It contributes to the proper functioning of the nervous system.
Energy production: It plays a role in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats for energy production.
Antioxidant activity: It acts as a cofactor for enzymes with antioxidant properties to protect cells from oxidative damage.
Oxygen transport: It is essential for the production of healthy red blood cells and efficient oxygen transport throughout the body.
Energy production: It plays a role in cellular respiration and ATP production for maintaining energy levels.
Immune function: It supports the normal functioning of the immune system.
Cognitive development: It is important for proper brain development and cognitive function, especially in puppies.
Muscle metabolism: It is involved in the metabolism of muscle cells, supporting muscle health and function.
Bone health: It helps in the synthesis of collagen for the formation and maintenance of healthy bones.
Joint health: It contributes to the formation and maintenance of healthy joint cartilage and reduces the risk of joint disorders.
Antioxidant activity: It is a component of SOD, an antioxidant enzyme that protects cells from oxidative damage.
Carbohydrate and fat metabolism: It is involved in the metabolism of carbohydrates and fats for energy production.
Reproduction and growth: It supports healthy reproductive function and growth in puppies.
Nervous system function: It plays a role in the functioning of the nervous system for proper nerve signalling and communication.
Immune system support: It helps in the development and functioning of immune cells, promoting a strong immune response.
Skin and coat health: It maintains healthy skin, a shiny coat, and regulates sebum production.
Growth and development: It is essential for proper growth, bone development, and muscle growth.
Reproductive health: It contributes to the synthesis of reproductive hormones, supporting normal fertility and function.
Taste and appetite: It is involved in taste perception and helps maintain a healthy appetite.
Wound healing: It supports cell proliferation, tissue repair, and aids in the healing of wounds.